All about Basketball [ History, Rules, … ]

Basketball is one of the most well-known and practiced sports in the world, and as you have fallen on this page, I believe you also know and play possibly. Let’s address the main thing you should know to get to know basketball as it is.

History of Basketball

The story of basketball began when 1891, the Canadian Physical Education teacher named James Naismith who worked at a school in Springfield, Mass., Had to create a new sport by order of the school principal to be an alternative to American Football and Baseball that if they practiced abroad and in winter it was impossible to practice (very cold and snow).

It was then that he decided to create a sport that did not have physical contact because of possible injuries, especially being the wooden floor and that used the feet,

He decided to hang two baskets of peaches to 3,05 meters from the ground (a measure that has never been changed to this day) and the game consisted of putting the ball into the opponent’s basket. Startup logo created 13 main rules by which the game ruled.

Some changes were soon emerging as to cut the bottom of the basket so that one would not always have to interrupt the game when someone marked. The tables were implemented, which gave rise to rebounds, among other things.

The game was very popular and in 1936 was already debuting as an Olympic modality.


Basketball Game

Basketball rules have some differences between the NBA and all other competitions, trying to get some improvement in certain aspects, but the trend is that these differences will fade over time.

Basketball Court

The basketball court should be rigid and free of obstructions, with measures 28 meters long by 15 meters wide.

The field has several lines and markings that we will now explain one by one, with the help of the following image to identify them:

  1. Lateral Lines – These lines are on the sides of the court and delimit the same, marking the zone valid to play.
  2. Limit Line – This line also serves to delimit the field and it is from her that the players replace the ball in play when she left or a basket is made.
  3. Central Line – The central line is responsible for dividing the field in half and defining which defensive zone and attacker belongs to which team.
  4. Line 3 points – The pitches that are made behind this line are worth 3 points to enter. The line is 6,75 meters from the basket.
  5. Free Throw Line – It is from this line that the players who will make a free throw the ball. At launch, the player can not step on the line or overtake it before the ball touches the rim.
  6. Free Throw Circle – The free-throw circles have a diameter of 3,65 meters. During the free-throw throw, the shooter must remain within the free-throw circle.
  7. Lane Line – These lines are used to indicate where players should position themselves when a free throw is executed and also delimits the restricted zone. Players can not leave their position and enter the restrictive zone until the ball leaves the thrower’s hand.
  8. Central Circle – It has about 3,65 meters in diameter and is located in the center of the basketball court. It serves to delimit the zone where players who are not in the ball in the air, having to stay out of it until either of those two touches the ball.
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basketball court

Basketball Characteristics and Objectives

The basketball game consists of two teams, each with 10 players (5 holders and 5 reserves) who aim to make as many points as possible during the game. Win the team with more points at the end.

This is divided into 4 times, each with 10 minutes.

The possession of the ball is decided with a ball in the air, thrown by the referee, and each team chooses a player to try to reach the ball and divert it to a teammate. This ball throw has some rules, they are:

  • The two players must have their feet within their half of the field;
  • The ball is thrown vertically and players can only touch the ball when it reaches its highest point;
  • The other players must remain outside the center circle until either of those two players touches the ball;

From there, at each start of time, the table indicates who owns the ball, pointing an arrow to that team.



There are many possible pass types that can be done, there are no rules that limit them, there are some that are more frequent and are usually the first to be taught:

  • Breastfeed;
  • Pass only with one hand;
  • Chipped pass;
  • Pass in support;

Basketball Rules

The rules of basketball are still enough and exist for the most varied situations. To avoid being too boring, let’s list some of the most common and important ones.

– Fault Penalty – Each team can commit 4 absences by period (being it personal lack). As of 5ª, all personal fouls made during that period entitle the free team to free throw.

– Accumulation of Fouls – A player can not accumulate 5 fouls during the game. If it does, he’s out of the game.

– Fouls (Place) – Every time one made in the restrictive zone, the foul gives the right to a free throw. If it is out, then the team restarts the ball in play on the sideline at the place closest to where the foul was made (this if the team has not already accumulated fouls in that period).

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– Steps and Dribble – After receiving the ball, the player can make two supports. If when you receive it with one foot behind, you can rotate around that foot without counting a support. After dribbling and holding the ball, he can not dribble again.

– 3 seconds rule – A player may not remain for more than 3 seconds in the opponent’s restrictive area when the team is in possession of the ball.

– 5 seconds rule – The player in possession of the ball cannot keep it for more than 5 seconds in the hands, being able to dribble indefinitely with it.

– 8 seconds rule – The team with a can of ball has 8 seconds to get the ball to the opposing half. After doing so you can not dribble back to your half or make a pass there.

– 24 seconds rule – The team that has possession of the ball has 24 seconds to make a throw and the ball at least touches the rim of the basket.


Player Positions

As players on the field in basketball are few, positions are also easy to understand and memorize:

  • Shipowner (PG) – It is the player who is in the center and starts the move. He is the brain of the team and it is in him that the plays begin.
  • Extremes (SG) – These are the players who are closer to the sideline. Usually, it helps the shipman or scores many points, usually up to the mark of 3 points.
  • Posts (PF) – Pivots are usually the biggest and strongest players. They get closer to the opponent’s restrictive zone and from below the basket to make buried, bridges and catch the rebounds.


Referees in Basketball

As it could not be missing, the basketball also has several referees and staff members, being:

  • Three Referees – These are responsible for commanding the game and ensuring that players comply with the rules of basketball.
  • Marker and auxiliary – They have a function to fill the bulletin of the game with the numbers of absences by team and per player, to register the points marked, etc …
  • Timekeeper – Responsible for the game clock and the time of discounts.
  • Operator of 24 seconds – This has the function to control the time of the attack of the teams, being that each team has 24 seconds to do it.
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