Field Hockey is a variant of normal hockey, being that it has practically no resemblance to this one, it is simply called hockey because one uses a stick and a ball. Let’s know a bit more about it now.
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History of Field Hockey
The origin of hockey dates back thousands of years, with assumptions resting on old engravings and documents, in which people are represented playing a ball with a wooden bat between them.
Hockey in the grass itself, this one originates in century XIX in England. Although not exactly known the date, it is known that the first teams and official rules began to emerge from the year 1850 and after a few years this sport had already spread throughout England.
As it was there that hockey in the grass appeared, the colonies of the English also began to play this sport that was dominated for decades by Pakistan and India, who were the only winners in the Olympic Games during 40 years.
This sport has entered the Olympic Games very early but has found it difficult to remain permanent, being for several editions of the Olympic Games as an exhibition sport (without medals), starting in 1908, until in 1928 finally won its permanent place and to this day continues to be an Olympic sport.
In 1980 grass hockey began to be practiced by women at the Olympic Games, which was only practiced by men.
Field Hockey Game
The game of grass hockey is played for 70 minutes, being dealt for 2 periods of 35 minutes each. Each team has 11 players in the field and 5 reserves. Substitutions are unlimited.
The goal is to score more goals than the opponent, thus winning the match.
Court of Field Hockey
A Field Hockey court has measured 91 meters long by 55 meters wide,isg divided in half by a center line and two more lines, each one 23 meters from the bottom line.
There is also the kick area which is a semicircle that has about 15 meters in radius and then has a dashed semicircle at 19, 63 meters approximately.
The beacon has measures 3,66 meters long and 2,10 meters high.
There are essentially 3 types of foul markings, the most common being a simple foul which is scored by the opponent in the place where the foul was made.
If it is within the kicking area or is considered an intentional foul, a short corner is awarded.
Um short corner is struck at the bottom line at 9 meters from the opponent’s goal, which is entitled to have 5 players behind their bottom line and the rest of the team must stay behind the midfield line. Team players who are in possession of the ball may not be within the kicking area and usually use a series of plays studied to shuffle those 5 players and thus score a goal.
An intentional foul made inside the kick area gives the penalty to the opposing team. This penalty can not be charged with a shot, the player having to leave with the ball, playing at least once and can only take a balance step to effect the penalty.
The rules of hockey in the grass regarding the cards are a bit different from the normal sports, where there are 3 cards:
- Green – This is only given as a warning to the player who made the infraction.
- Yellow – When a player makes a foul a little more serious sees a yellow card and is suspended from the game and can not be replaced. The suspension time is set by the referee.
- Red – If it is even more serious the red card is shown and the player is sent off for the rest of the game.
The most essential equipment to play hockey on the grass are:
- Stick: This should weigh between 600 and 700 grams and may have different lengths, curvatures or shapes, these being chosen to the player’s taste. They are usually made of wood or carbon fiber.
- Ball: The ball should be about 7 centimeters in diameter and weigh between 155 and 170 grams. They are usually made of PVC and cork.
Basic Field Hockey Rules
Some rules we do not mention are:
- Except for the goalkeeper, none of the players may play the ball with any part of the body.
- When the ball leaves the side a lateral throw is made that is effected in the ground in the zone where the ball left.
- Unlike the vast majority of sports, in a throw he can pass to himself, this means that he can go out and play with the ball.
- The player can not obstruct the opponent and cover the ball with the body, being able to only do it while it is in movemment.