All about Futsal [ Rules, History, … ]

History of Futsal

Futsal (or also called indoor soccer) is a sport that originated in the twentieth century in Uruguay, is a variant of football, which retained some elements, but there are many futsal rules which are different from football and now we will show you everything you should know about it.

Futsal Rules

The game consists of two teams, each with 5 players in the field, one being the goalkeeper. If any of the teams gets less than 3 players the game is interrupted and the deflated team is considered defeated.

Each team can have up to 9 reservations and the substitutions are unlimited.

The duration of a match is 40 minutes, divided by two parts, each with 20 minutes and between them there is an interval of 10 minutes for the teams to rest a little, receive directions and change sides of the field.

The equipment of the players of different teams must distinguish well from each other, and the goalkeeper must have equipment that distinguishes him alone for better identification.

The player must not have any object with him that could in any way injure his opponent such as earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, ….

Futsal Rules

Futsal court

The futsal court does not have a defined and unique size, it can vary from 25 to 42 meters long and 16 to 22 meters wide.

The minimum measures, these yes have some regulations depending on the game in question. In national adult or sub-20 games, the court must be at least 38 meters long and 18 meters wide.

Already in international games, the minimum measurements are 20 meters wide 38 meters long, taking their maximum 25 meters wide by 42 long

– Markings in the Quadra

To define certain zones for many purposes, there are several markings on the court. Let’s now show you what they are for:

– Center of the Court: It is a line that separates the field in two, being located to the middle of the length of the block and in the middle of this line is a small circle with 10 centimeters of diameter where begins the game and the beginning of the second part, and around him has another larger circle with 3 meters in diameter that marks the distance that the other players must be without being the ones that are to mark the beginning.

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– Penal or Penalty Area: It is a semi-circle with a radius of 6 meters that is located at each end of the field and that delimits the zone where the goalkeeper can defend or use his hands to touch the ball.

Also has a point in the center of that line, in front position to the mark to indicate the place where the player must mark a penalty.

– Area of Substitution: It is an area outside the field, there being one for each team, 5 being meters long by 80 centimeters wide, being immediately in front of the reserve bench, where there may be the coach of the team and the players standing at in case of replacement.


Related searches

Fouls in futsal are when a player does something that is sanctioned by the rules of futsal, usually against an opposing player or with the intention of harming the opposing team or manipulating the result in any way.

These faults are marked in various forms and distances, also have different rules. Let’s list them.

  1. Free Direct

The Free Direct is made when a stop is made in the game because of any of these infractions:

– Kick;
– Shoot down the other team player;
– Crash, spit, try to hold the opponent;
– Push the opponent;
– Offer reckless danger to another player;
– Practice a play that hits any player in a dangerous way;

A foul is scored for this team and if it is made within the penalty area of the team, the penalty is awarded, so a maximum penalty is scored.

  1. Free Indirect

The Free Indirect has as characteristic that it can not enter inside the mark after it has been effected without no player touching the ball, hence the “Indirect”. This free is sanctioned by the following attitudes:

– Stay with the ball for more than 4 seconds in the penalty area;
– If the goalkeeper touches or controls the ball that comes from a side throw or corner shot by a teammate;
– Try to remove the ball from the goalkeeper’s hands
– Arrest the ball;
– Try to deceive the opponent if passed by a teammate;
– Try to delay the time of departure;
– Prevent the goalkeeper from throwing the ball with his hands;
– Among other things…

  1. Maximum penalty

The maximum penalty is taken when a player suffers a foul within the penalty area, and this penalty does not have any barrier unlike the previous penalty. This is done at 6 meters from the goal, at the point that is at the center of the line that delimits the penalty area and at the front of that point the 1 meter away this other point that marks up to what distance the goalkeeper / goalkeeper may stand to defend the penalty. There are two small rules for marking this penalty.

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– The player who is to score can only send the ball forward;
– He can not touch the ball again until the ball touches another player;

  1. Song

Corner is marked when the ball goes out the bottom line and the last one touching the ball was a player of the opposing team (usually the one that is defending).

Its marking is made in the corner of the field next to the end and sideline of the side where the ball went out, its zone delimited by a small ¼ circle (90 degrees), and it can be marked directly or indirectly.

Each team has a limit of 5 faults (these have some rules too, most of which are the number of direct free) by what it can do. From 6ª foul this team is no longer entitled to the formation of a barrier and the referee only starts to give the law of the advantage in a clear situation for a goal.


Disciplinary Sanctions

As in football, futsal players can be warned with cards, these being yellow and red. Yellow means warning and if you bring another during the encounter is shown a red and it is expelled, red is immediate expulsion.

The yellow cards are shown in the following situations:

  1. If the player enters the court before two minutes of temporary expulsion;
  2. Constantly breaking the rules of the game;
  3. Disagree by means of gestures and words of the referee’s decisions;
  4. Have unsportsmanlike conduct;
  5. Address the referees, scorer or timekeeper to complain or discuss any decision;
  6. Prevent or make it difficult to restart;
  7. Simulate during the game with the attempt to deceive the referees;
  8. Leave the match without the referee’s permission;
  9. A player, other than the goalkeeper, tries to defend the ball with his hands so that his team does not suffer the goal, etc.

The red cards are shown in the following situations:

  1. Present violent conduct;
  2. Make serious rough play;
  3. Perform obscene, rude and offensive gestures;
  4. To have twice in the same match a punishable attitude with a yellow card;
  5. Prevent by hand the score of a goal against your team, in case you are not the goalkeeper;
  6. Spitting on someone during the match;
  7. Give an entry that could compromise the physical integrity of a player;
  8. Illegally prevent attempting to complete a try;
  9. A player reserves to invade the field to complain or disrupt the match.
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When the player sees the red card, either direct or accumulation of yellows, he is automatically expelled from the next game of the competition. The same happens if 3 accumulates yellow cards in different games of the same competition.


Referees and the Rest

A futsal game consists of 2 referees, being the Main Referee and the Auxiliary.

These are responsible for sanctioning players when they commit any infractions, resume play, control fouls, decide the start time of the game, and virtually all decisions involving the game itself.

There are also more 2 external members to the game itself that are the timekeeper and scorer

timekeeper is responsible for the game timer, and it must stop when the game is interrupted by a foul, injury or other event and then start the timer again when the game is resumed, among other functions.

sharpener has a function to indicate the number of fouls that the players committed to control the number of fouls per part, control the reserve players and technical team, control the substitutions and the moment they are made, among other things …


Law of Advantage

In order to make futsal a game more attractive and with fewer pauses, as is done in football, when a team is lacking but maintains possession of the ball and is in good condition to progress in the field the referee decides to let go and so not end up harming the team that suffered the foul by stopping their attack.

More Related Articles About Futsal

– 5 Futsal Curiosities You May Not Know

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And so, you already know more about this sport, what are the rules of futsal, its history, teams, faults, etc …?

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