All About Badminton [ Rules, History, … ]

Badminton is a sport that is not that popular in most of the world, although there are many people who know it, especially because it is played with a feather (called a steering wheel), but consider a variant of tennis and not a sport or not You know it’s called Badminton.

History of Badminton

The Badminton we know today was developed in the mid-nineteenth century by the British, but the act of playing with a racquet and a pen has been around for hundreds of years, especially in Europe and Asia.

Many associates being an evolution of the game “battledore” and “peteca”.

A group of countries (England, Scotland, Wales, Canada, Denmark, France, Ireland, Holland and New Zealand) joined and created the International Badminton Federation, thus making this sport stronger and more regulated, which helped its expansion.

Currently, Badminton is an already well-known Olympic modality, which is dominated by Asian countries such as China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia or South Korea. male and female.

Badminton Game

The game of badminton that can be played individually or in doubles, consists of 3 games, being a match to the best of three (who wins the first two games wins). The goal is to reach the 21 points first in the game, having to have a difference of 2 points between them to finish the game. If the game reaches 29 × 29, then whoever scores the 30 point wins first.

The game begins with the referee making the coin to give the choice between field or service to the winner.



The service must be done in the service area (see below in the image of Badminton), and if your number of points is even, you have to do the right side, if it is odd, you have to do the left side.

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The service must always be done diagonally (if you serve in the right service area, you have to send it to the right area of your opponent), and if you fall outside that area, your opponent wins the point.

Usually, services are alternated between two types: long and short.

Short service

Position your left foot forward (if you are right-handed), and in the movement of swinging the racket, do fast and slow down only when it is almost to serve to confuse the opponent.

Long service

Doing the same as in short on positioning, and in the movement of the racket should make a strong and fast throw as a whip and being high and wide to the bottom of the opposing field, being careful that it does not fall out.


Badminton court

The badminton court varies in size depending on the number of players (individual or even), measuring 13,4 meters in length and 5,18 meters in width if they are singular, and 6,10 meters if in doubles.

The field is divided in two by a net, being made with a thin rope and having a white canvas of 7,5 centimeters wide at the top throughout its length, measuring 76 centimeters and being about 1,55 meters from the ground.

The outer lines on the sides mark the width of the field of pairs and the interiors mark for an individual. At the bottom of the field has a slightly shorter line, this marks the limit of the field of pairs when the service is done (after the opposing team returns its service, the field returns to normal length).

You can also see in the image below that the network 1,98m is a line that marks the start of the service zone. This service area corresponds to the area that you have to do the service, and in which service must fall (if you make a short service and the steering wheel falls in the zone before the service area you lose the move and the opponent gains a point ).

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badminton court


Feather / Steering Wheel / Badminton Shuttle

This should be made of goose feathers, 16 of them (if not official or in newer grades you can find also in plastic, which last much longer), weighing between 4,7 and 5,5 grams.

Its base is made of cork or polyurethane and has in the center a lead to maintain its direction. As they are light and fragile, especially those made of feathers, in an official game they are used between 7 and 10 shuttlecocks and can reach speeds at or near 300 km/hour

Badminton Racket

The badminton racket is usually made of sturdy but lightweight materials such as carbon fiber or titanium, thinking about 100 grams. Its maximum measure is 68 centimeters in length and consists of ropes twisted vertically and horizontally. These badminton rackets can withstand from 7 to 11 pounds of force.


The badminton game has about 12 judges (true, such a small field and so many people to see), being separated by functions:

Referee: This is aided by the remaining judges and is the one that has the final word on decisions regarding compliance with the rules during the game.

Line Judge: In a game 10 line judges are present, being responsible for seeing if the shuttle falls out of the limit of the field and also to warn the general referee of some infraction in the rules.

Service Judge: The service judge has the sole purpose of observing the timing of the service to see if it is executed correctly and whether all rules are met by both players.


Badminton Rules

The badminton rules are simple and there are not so many. Let’s now mention some that are more common.

Service: The service must always be done diagonally, and if it is not done that way, the opponent wins the point.

Play on the Net: If you touch the net while playing and the touch is substantial with the body or racket, it is considered foul and the opponent wins the point.

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Serve on the wrong side: As has been said, the service side depends on your number of points. If you do it the wrong way, it is automatically foul and point for the opponent, if he does not follow the move.

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