Boxing or pugilism is a combat sport, which fights only with the hands in gloves, and has several rules and regulations so that the sport is not so violent or barbaric.
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Boxing originated in England, between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, which was fought with bare hands, making it a very brutal and violent sport.
Years later this sport started to be regulated, especially in 1867 with the formulation of the Queensberry Rules.
Boxing has always been an Olympic sport, not being present only at the 1912 Olympic Games in Stockholm, since at that time sport was banned in the country.
Over the years many boxing variations have emerged, the most famous of which are Thai Muay Thai and French Savate, who are already using their legs.
The boxing ring is square and should have on the side between 4,9 and 7 meters. It has four elastic strings, with a diameter between 3 and 5 centimeters, and they must be hung on the posts at 41, 71, 102 and 132 inches from the ground of the ring.
The posts should be coated with a smooth surface, so the boxers do not get hurt when they hit one of them.
Professional Boxing x Olympic Boxing
The rules of Olympic Boxing have some differences from Professional Boxing, which this uses the rules of Amateur Boxing.
Some of the differences are that those of Olympic Boxing have to wear a head protector while in the professional it is prohibited to wear. In amateur boxing, it also only goes up to the four rounds as the professional goes to the 12 rounds.
The way to win is also different, counting the points differently.
How to win at Boxing
The goal of boxing is to hit the most direct hits on the opponent, and in the end the judges make a vote between them until reaching a verdict on which of the athletes made more points with the blows.
There are other ways to win, and they are:
– Knock out, when the opponent lands on the ground or rests on the ropes, and the referee counts up to 10 and the athlete can not stand up at that time;
– The referee may also score a technical knockout. This happens when one of the boxers is taking with many consecutive blows and the referee considers that he is not able to receive them;
– Lastly, one of the assistants can throw the towel to the floor, meaning that they are giving up the fight;
Judges and Staff
The number of people involved in combat other than the boxers is still high, and each has its function: Let’s see what they are and what they do.
The referee is responsible for complying with the rules of the boxers, being within the ring to control the behavior of the athletes and intervening when the situation demands it;
In a combat 3 judges are present, who have like responsibility to count the blows of each boxer and thus decide who gains the combat, if there is no knockout;
A physician should always be present to assess the condition of the boxers during combat, ascertaining whether he is able to continue the fight;
This is responsible for the time of the round and touches the gong, which is used to mark the end of each round;
The Technical Director is responsible for judges’ decisions, reviewing them and announcing the result. He is also responsible for other decisions in combat;
He is responsible for making the announcements of the results of the fights, presentation of the fighters, authorities, referee, judges, etc.
Each boxer is entitled to have four assistants, who are behind the fighter’s post (red corner or blue corner) and have the responsibility to advise the boxer, deal with him and throw in the towel when he thinks he is no longer able to continue fight;
Sparing is the name given to the fighters who are responsible for training with other boxers. They are usually amateur or early-career fighters and often even become great boxers and champions, including Larry Holmes, sparing Muhammad Ali.
For fights to be as fair as possible, boxers are divided into weight categories. Thus each boxer only fights with another boxer of similar weight to his, making the fighting much more fair and balanced.
The male weight categories are as follows:
Light Fly – 48 pounds
Fly – 51 pounds
Rooster – 54 pounds
Worth – 57 pounds
Lightweight – 60 pounds
Light Middle Medium – 64 pounds
Average middle -69 pounds
Medium – 75 pounds
Medium-heavy – 81 pounds
Heavy – 91 pounds
Super heavy – + 91 pounds
Some of the rules of the Professional Boxing fights are:
– Strokes are only considered scoring if they are hit from the front or the side of the head or the abdomen of the opponent. Scores on the arms are not scored.
– Punching the back of the head, grabbing or striking below the waist are infractions. When done, the referee gives a warning to the boxer. If this is repeated again, the boxer may be disqualified.
– The boxer can not strike his opponent while he is on the ground;
– Bites are also cause for warning and potential disqualification;
- Direct: Fast and strong blow that hits the front of the opponent with the fist that was behind the guard.
- Jabe: The same as the direct, only with the other fist, which is the front in the guard.
- Crusader: As strong as the direct but hits the side of the opponent’s head. In this movement, the arm ends flexed, unlike the direct.
- Hook: Movement of the wrist in a curved trajectory that reaches the side of the head or the abdomen of the fighter.
- Uppercut: Blow done from the bottom up to aim at the other fighter’s chin.
- Jab-direct: Mixing the direct blow with the jab blow, i.e. the fighter gets punching the opponent with both hands at the same time.
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