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Volleyball Court [ Lines, Measurements, Zones, … ]

The volleyball court is the area in which players play the game and is considered the valid area of play.

There are several elements that make up this court and of which we will speak in detail, such as:

  • Network;
  • Lines;
  • Areas;
  • Markings;

It may seem like a lot, but it’s all very simple and easy to understand for everyone.

Ready to know more? Let’s see it then.

Volleyball Court

Official Court Measures

The volleyball court has a rectangular shape and has to measure 18 meters long and 9 meters wide.

It is then divided half in length, with each team having a square-shaped half in which to play.

The area outside the court is called the free zone, and this zone must have at least 3,5 meters in all directions.

This is because the ball can be played off the court, as long as it does not fall to the ground, and it happens that players have to leave the court to try to receive the ball and keep it in play.

block lines

Court Lines

The lines are those that define the areas during a game of volleyball, serving as boundaries.

Let’s see then what the lines are called and what each one is for:

Outer Line

This is the line that circles the whole court and marks the limits of where the ball is at stake.

What this means is that if the ball touches the ground outside these lines, the team that has last touched the ball gives a point to winning to the opposing team, since it has sent off the field.

Central Line

The court is divided into two halves, being cut in length by the center line.

In this way, it is possible to define which part of the field belongs to A or B and also serves as a guide to align the network.

Attack Line

There is a line parallel to the center line, but the distance to 3 meters for each half.

It is called a line of attack and serves to separate the area of attack from that of defense.

Your role in a game is to signal which area of defense is forbidden to step on and send the ball to the other half of the court at a height above the net.

The defensive player may, however, jump before that line and tap the ball above the height of the net while in the suspended air.

Technical Restriction

There are also two areas already off the court that serve to delimit the area in which the coach of each team can stand.

It is also in this area where the reserve bank is located.


Game Areas

The court is divided by several areas and each has its purpose or function.

See then which zones are these:

Free Zone

We already talked about her up there.

It is a zone that is outside the court and allows players to try to get the ball even when they are off the court, since it remains in play as long as it does not touch the ground.

Attack Zone (or Front Zone)

This zone is between the net and the line of attack and is in which are the 3 attack players.

They can block the opponent’s balls or send the ball to the other half at will.

Defense Zone (or Back Zone)

This is where the defensive players stand, who are responsible for receiving most of the balls that come from the half of the opposing team.

As we have said, these players have certain restrictions with regard to attacking (read above to know more).

Sacking Area

The serve zone is that which is at the bottom of each side of the court and in which the players must make their serve.

They can make the sack of any place in that zone that they feel more at ease.

Volleyball Net

It is the net that divides the court into two halves in conjunction with the center line.

Although its positioning is always the same, the height at which it is placed does not. This does vary.

The height of the net varies according to the age and sex of the players.

For adult players, in females, the height is 2,24 meters and in males, it is 2,43 meters.


There are also two antennas, one at each end of the net, which is essentially two sticks with about 0.80 meters high up the net.

Their function is to define the area of the game. This means that to return the ball to the other half of the court is valid, the ball must pass over the net and between the antennas without touching the antenna.

So, you know anything about a volleyball court?

If you have any questions do not hesitate to leave us comments that we will try to answer you as soon as possible

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