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All about Weightlifting [ History, Rules, … ]

Weightlifting, as the name already indicates is based on the act of lifting weights, aiming to raise the greatest possible weight, following some rules. Let’s see everything that constitutes this sport.

History of Weightlifting

The act of lifting weights has existed for thousands of years. Almost always man has had to test his strength and prove that he was stronger than the other, and there are engravings of this by all ancient civilizations.

The first weightlifting competitions began to appear in the late nineteenth century, and in 1891 was held the first World Weightlifting Championship, here still only had 6 athletes.

It was one of the sports that figured in the first edition of the Modern Olympic Games in Athens, but in the following edition left, and then came and went, until it gained its fixed place in 1920.

The number of variants was growing as the years went by, and the start was started with one hand, with two, development with one hand and two and later the pitch.

Nowadays the development is no longer practiced, much due to the similarity with the pitch.

In 2000 the women also began to participate in the Olympic Games.

First, the athletes who stood out were those from Central Europe, then it was the United States, going through a period of 40 years where the Soviet Union and Eastern European countries dominated completely and now the Far Eastern countries now dominate, with China being the main.

Weightlifting Variations

Currently, the Weightlifting are made following three variants:


The kick is the first test of the competition and consists of raising the bar of the ground up above the head in a movement without pause, without supporting it in the body.

The bar is placed horizontally in front of the lifter legs.

It is gripped, palms down and pulled in a single movement of the platform and raised to the full extent of both arms above the head, while the lifter crouches or folds the legs.

You should then stand up, stabilize, for two seconds, and wait for the sign to “lower” the referees. The referees give the signal to “lower” the bar as soon as the lifter stands still on all parts of the body

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The pitch is executed in two parts. First, the bar is placed horizontally in front of the lifter legs. It is gripped, with the palms of the hands down and raised up to the shoulders, over the chest, while the lifter crouches or folds the legs; then it rears and aligns itself.

In the second part, using the joint force of arms and legs, the bar is lifted above the head, while making a scissor-like movement with the legs; then you should realign your legs, with outstretched arms, stabilize, for two seconds, and wait for the sign to “lower” the referees. The referees give the signal to “lower” the bar as soon as the lifter stands still on all parts of the body.

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Total Combined

Here is briefly the total weight lifted by the athlete in the two previous variants, which determines the winner.

It is worth remembering that in all competitions athletes are medalists in all variants except for the Olympic Games, which only prize the variant of Total Combination.


Weight and Age Classes

In weightlifting, in order to have greater division and some fairness in the results, the participants are divided by ages and then by weight classes.

Age classes are divided as follows:

  • Juvenile: up to 17 years, with this year included, have specific weight categories;
  • Junior: up to 20 years, with that year included;
  • Adult: From the 21 years;

The minimum age for participation in the Olympic Games is 16 for both men and women.

Already the weight classes are different for males and females, and also for juveniles. Let’s see which are the weight classes for both genders from the Juniors.

Up to 48,00 kg
From 48,01 kg to 53,00 kg
From 53,01 kg to 58,00 kg
From 58,01 kg to 63,00 kg
From 63,01 kg to 69,00 kg
From 69,01 kg to 75,00 kg
From 75,01 kg onwards
Up to 56,00 kg
From 56,01 kg to 62,00 kg
From 62,01 kg to 69,00 kg
From 69,01 kg to 77,00 kg
From 77,01 kg to 85,00 kg
From 85,01 kg to 94,00 kg
From 94,01 kg to 105,00 kg
From 105,01 kg onwards

Weightlifting Equipment

Let’s now list the equipment used for lifting weights, starting with the most fundamental.


This consists of 3 parts, which are:

  • Bar: Which should measure 2,20 meters, weigh 20 kg and have about 2,8 inches in diameter. Already for women the bar should measure 2,01 meters, weigh 15 kg and have 2,5 inches in diameter.
  • Discs: These are made of metal and change color depending on your weight:
– Red: 25 and 2,5 kg
– Blue: 20 and 2 kg
– Yellow: 15 and 1,5 kg
– Green: 10 and 1 kg
– White: 5 and 0,5 kg

Discs should also be marked with their weight.

  • Necklaces: It is a kind of washer that is used to fasten the disks to the bar. Each necklace should weigh about 2.5kg.



The suit must be fair in order to fit its structure and facilitate weight lifting, it may have sleeves that do not reach the elbows and should cover the legs up to the knee.

If they want they can wear socks, having them to stay below the knee.

History Weightlifting

Protective Equipment

These equipment are optional, athletes only use if they want. And the equipment is a belt that is stuck in the lower back to prevent injuries, knee pads, wristbands or patches.

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